A nutritionist and/or intermediate nutritionist is a nutritionist who is competent in sharing data on nutrition, and suggestions for healthy food and eating patterns to the general population. The nutritionist’s learning background is Diploma III, on the other hand, the type of nutritionist with a bachelor’s degree background is known as nutritionist and nutritionist. On the other hand, a nutritionist is a specialist who focuses on tackling the health problems of patients with nutritional problems, and distributes nutritional medical treatment according to the patient’s condition and is oriented to the history of the disease and the universal condition of the patient.
His educational background is a universal doctor who has completed his master’s degree in nutrition and studied clinical nutrition specialization for 6 semesters. Find a nutritionist is a discipline that focuses on the relationship between food and the consumption of nutrients in it and health and nutrition-related diseases and certain medical conditions. Starting from chronic or chronic disease, and the aging process (degenerative). Clinical nutrition is used in aspects of prevention, treatment, and prevention of continuous complications of a disease. A nutritionist has the authority to determine the nutritional intake you need to support your health, whereas a nutritionist has more authority.
Nutrition specialists not only formulate nutritional consumption, but also carry out other medical treatments depending on the patient’s condition, for example prescribing drugs, supplements, or medical actions related to nutrition and the patient’s condition. Oftentimes, nutrition specialists will cooperate with other specialists in dealing with the patient’s condition, such as surgeons and internal medicine doctors. Nutrition specialists also play a significant role in advancing the health of the people through health guidance and promotion, particularly in the field of nutrition.
In this case, a clinical nutrition specialist must have competencies that are appropriate to his field of work, namely providing nutritional management such as:
- Carry out physical checks and anamnesis (medical interviews).
- Distributing health promotion related to nutrition and health to residents and sufferers as an effort to prevent disease.
- Reviewing nutritional status, metabolism, and gastrointestinal tract.
- Distribute the fulfillment of nutritional and fluid needs in patients.
- Provide nutritional treatment and certain diet, for example prescribing the required amount of calories, protein, carbohydrates, fat, fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
- Ensure the method of providing nutrition, either orally (eating as usual), feeding through a gastric tube
- Evaluate the nutritional status, and health of patients evenly after nutritional treatment.
Diseases Treated by Specialist Nutritionists are such as:
Nutritional status problems
These include malnutrition, such as obesity, micronutrient deficiencies or deficiencies (vitamins and minerals), marasmus and kwashiorkor; nutritional problems for vulnerable groups such as toddlers, children, young people, women with two bodies and breastfeeding, and the elderly.
Constraints for organ use and metabolism
This includes providing nutrition for patients who have problems with the gastrointestinal tract, problems with the liver and pancreas; metabolic and endocrine disorders as in diabetes; problems with the lungs and respiration; neurological disease; problems with the kidneys and urinary tract: as well as heart and blood vessel disease.
Other diseases related to the immune system and malignant diseases
For example on food allergies, nutrition for HIV/AIDS sufferers, nutritional care for cancer patients. Nutritional management is also given to patients receiving intensive care.
Nutritional care for serious injuries
Nutrition specialists are also authorized to ensure assessment of nutritional status and nutritional needs in patients with severe injuries, such as extensive burns or injuries requiring surgery.
Revision of nutrition on eating disorders
Includes eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia. People with eating disorders often face malnutrition and heavy loss of body fluids that are dangerous to their health. Not only handled by psychiatrists, revisions to the nutritional status of people with eating disorders are also usually handled by nutrition specialists.